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Small and medium-sized enterprises are in the dilemma of transformation. Automation technology is not "unattainable"

Guide: the scientific concept of development proposes to upgrade and transform enterprises from labor-intensive to technology and capital intensive, but on the long way, it is difficult to make capital turnover, financing, heavy taxes, labor shortage Lausberg, the world's leading prefabricated architecture expert, built a simulated tunnel for Shanghai International Motor City (Group) Co., Ltd. in the closed road outside Shanghai International F1 racing circuit. Problems such as lack of innovation and core technology and talents have emerged one after another. To solve the big problem of capital, the government needs to introduce policies to support small and medium-sized enterprises. However, for factors such as rising human costs and lack of technology and talents, we can get help in automation technology

picture source: Xinhua

small and medium-sized enterprises encountered a cold wave

some time ago, with the sudden collapse of senior toy enterprises Suyi and textile enterprises Dingjia, Dongguan, known as the world's factory, was once again hit by the economic cold wave, which became a sharp contrast with the hot weather in the south

these two are not the only medium-sized enterprises that have closed down recently. Some small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises in Wenzhou, Fujian and the Pearl River Delta, such as Jiangnan leather, such as Volkswagen standard, Toyota standard, general standard, logo (Citroen) standard, Portman, Tianshi electronics and so on, have also quietly exited one after another. According to Foshan, Dongguan and other places where there are relatively dense small and medium-sized enterprises in the Pearl River Delta, corporate profits have generally declined, especially in textiles and clothing Labor intensive enterprises such as shoes and hats, furniture, luggage, etc. performed more prominently. The situation is not optimistic

is there any relationship between the economic cold wave and the rising labor cost? Is it related to the difficulty of enterprise financing? Is it related to industrial transformation and elimination of backward production equipment? The biggest feature of Dongguan's industrial structure is the outward oriented processing and manufacturing industry, and its ownership structure is dominated by overseas capital, so the losses during the financial crisis are relatively heavy. In the past two years, Chinese enterprises have encountered many factors, such as the appreciation of the RMB, the rise of wages, the rise of raw materials, and so on, which are also weighing on the low profit manufacturing enterprises. The enterprise costs have risen sharply, resulting in the collapse of large manufacturing enterprises with thousands of employees such as Dingjia, and there are countless small and medium-sized enterprises. However, most of our economy comes from these small and medium-sized enterprises. And they are facing a severe test of transformation and upgrading. This situation forces China to intensify structural adjustment and economic transformation and speed up economic transformation, which is undoubtedly a way to survive

transformation! Upgrade! It is easy to say but difficult to make.

the scientific concept of development puts forward the upgrading and transformation of enterprises from labor-intensive to technology and capital intensive, but on the long way, various problems have emerged one after another

transformation! Upgrade! It's not easy to talk about. On Weibo, a friend said that Foxconn announced that it would use 1million robots to contract in the future. Experts asserted that Foxconn's practice played a guiding role in transformation and upgrading. However, many friends and small and medium-sized enterprises expressed helplessness

you a said: often see the so-called brick house, see the problem, it comes down to the need for enterprise transformation, yes, enterprises need to transform and upgrade, but don't look at the so-called transformation, upgrading requires capital and strength, a large part of China's economy is small and medium-sized enterprises, so how can they transform and upgrade their strength? In addition to seeing the appreciation of the RMB and the soaring prices of raw materials, we have not seen any external help to help these enterprises

when the market is in crisis, enterprise transformation seems to be a way of survival. For a long time, the government has been focusing on the large and letting go of the small, so that the economic lever can regulate the survival of enterprises. Is there no way out for traditional manufacturing? The transformation of enterprises needs real attention. It is still the best policy to provide a healthy and stable environment and necessary measures to help small and medium-sized enterprises get out of difficulties. Youb also said that

and youc said that China's labor force is not cheap, and there is a way out for innovation and transformation

the production and operation mode of grabbing profits by cheap labor, expanding the scale by resource consuming production, and maintaining the market by OEM, OEM and cheap export has been declining. The era of independent research and development and independent brand transformation has come. However, the forced transformation has an unbearable burden for many small and medium-sized enterprises. Enterprises must transform if they want to continue to develop, but where, how and with what? When talking about transformation and upgrading, both enterprise a and enterprise B seem very helpless

a plate making company is confused and wants to choose another way: it's not that it doesn't want to transform and upgrade, it's that it has no capital, no technology, no talent, and can't transfer. I'm very confused now. I can't do it anymore. Just like others, I close my door and go back to my hometown to buy some shops for rent and speculation

from a long-term perspective, only enterprise transformation and industrial upgrading are industrial development under the guidance of the scientific concept of development. But it takes time and process. This obviously further aggravates the difficulty of structural adjustment of small and medium-sized enterprises

it is obvious that capital turnover is difficult, financing is difficult, tax burden is heavy, labor shortage, lack of innovation and core technology and talents, etc. The pressure of survival makes small and medium-sized enterprises see that they must transform, but the confusion they face makes it difficult for them to realize their desire for transformation. The above problems restrict the transformation of small and medium-sized enterprises. How to turn this transformation as the only way to survive into the next step to solve the practice of enterprise survival and development

in this regard, Cai Jin analyzed that this reflects the difficulties in the development of small enterprises in China and the general decline in the prosperity of domestic enterprises. At present, the difficulties in the development of small enterprises are highlighted in the increase of production costs, financing difficulties, the reduction of market opportunities and the weak ability of enterprises to resist risks

experts suggest that at present, efforts should be made to actively create a good development environment for the development of small enterprises, and active support should be given in tax, financing and other aspects; In the second half of the year, we should make efforts to adjust the structure and promote transformation, focus on cultivating new growth points, and speed up the construction of a new foundation for economic growth

in the final analysis, capital is the most important problem, which also requires the government to issue policies to support small and medium-sized enterprises to ensure that these enterprises successfully overcome this barrier and develop healthily and actively. For factors such as rising labor costs, lack of technology and talents, we can get help in automation technology

there is no best, only the most suitable automation technology is not unattainable.

from a longer-term perspective, if there are special requirements, transformation and upgrading is the development trend and inevitable choice of China's small and medium-sized enterprises. Some enterprises have tried to use new labor-saving technologies to try transformation and upgrading

the transformation of enterprises needs to be guided by the environment. In fact, in the early stage, countless Chinese enterprises have learned to improve the production action on the water line in various industries such as refrigerator, toy, textile, tobacco, medicine, etc., so as to optimize and fix the mode, and then realize machine automation in some links, so as to maximize the integration of labor and machines. In addition, industries requiring continuous production, such as chemical industry, steel and machine tools, rely more on equipment automation. The factories under Shenyang Machine Tool (Group) Co., Ltd., China's largest machine tool manufacturer, still use a large number of CNC systems produced by FANUC and Siemens to control the manufacturing process; Use the machine produced by THK in Japan to control the linear guide rail of the input line; And adopt the ball screw of Seiko Japan

some experts said that Foxconn's robot OEM event played a guiding role in the entire manufacturing and processing industry. In the face of Foxconn robots, they have released clear signals of transformation. When interviewed and surveyed in Jiangsu and Zhejiang, it was found that private enterprises have a high willingness to transform and upgrade in recent years. For example, recently, more and more local reports on enterprises' response to labor shortage and power shortage through equipment upgrading

of course, small and medium-sized enterprises cannot be compared with big players like Foxconn. The main reason is that they have no financial strength and high-end technical talents. They have clear intentions, but they have no way to start. The future is full of uncertainty, so they just wait and see

in fact, many enterprises often simply understand industrial automation as the application of complete sets of machine tools and other processing equipment, and often their huge equipment investment is in a wait-and-see state. In fact, the cost of simple automation is not high, such as the sorting and assembly of parts. Moreover, this method is especially suitable for hybrid and discrete production, such as the assembly and sorting of various parts such as automobiles, electronics, electrical appliances, etc., which can outsource the production of parts, and the central enterprise only does assembly

it should be mentioned that equipment investment and equipment upgrading are not blindly selected. Enterprises can participate in more automation related exhibitions, understand the automation product line pertinently, carefully decompose the processes on the production line, and then consider the different costs of each process when increasing manual or machine production. It is still the best choice to choose the most suitable replacement and combination for production needs

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